• Lesson for English grammar:

    English language grammar is simple however has many exceptions which is a difficulty, then you need to understand the time line, and that is where it gets a bit tricky.

    If you did something the other day, a year ago which job, function, action completed, you speak in the basic past tense, I went to work yesterday.

    If you did something in the past like 5 years ago that was not completed, you are still doing, are involved in, you need to utilize the tense we call present tense, you should use the verb HAVE plus the verb of action you are utilizing like, I have actually studied French for the past 5 years, you started five yrs back and still are associated with it, not completed. WE should use the 3rd kind of the verb here and it is called previous participle, GO< < WENT GONE, gone is the previous participle of the verb to go.

    If you go back farther in the past you must use the Past Present Tense, where you need to use HAD plus the verb of action you are speaking about, as in, If I had actually been born in an abundant family, I would have been able to participate in Harvard and meet other abundant kids!

    Source: WHAT IS GRAMMAR

    Present Perfect Tense

    Published on August 10, 2012 by whpdkt No Comments ↓

    What is present perfect tense?

    Today best tense is really a very interesting tense. It can make peculiar obstacles to individuals who are finding out English as a second language. The majority of students feel this is among the most hard tenses to use correctly. In fact, the structure of the present best tense is extremely basic. The problems feature using the tense. I hope the rules listed below are useful.

    Rule 1 Unspecified Time before Now

    The present best tense connects the present to the past. It is utilized to reveal actions that occurred at an unspecified time or that started in the past and continue in the present.The specific time is trivial.

    Note: We can not use Present Perfect with particular time expressions, can just use with unspecific expressions.

    Particular time expressions: yesterday, one year ago, last week, and so on

    Unspecific time expressions: ever, never, currently, yet, simply, once, many times, several times, previously, so far, and so on

    Examples:

    I
    have seen that film.

    I
    have satisfied her when in the past.

    We
    have lived in London.

    He
    has never been abroad.

    Keep In Mind:

    You should not utilize this tense with time expressions like the other day, a week ago, last year, etc.

    I have actually seen her yesterday.

    We have actually gone to California last year.

    ” Unspecified time” can be extremely complicated to learners. Hope the following subjects will be useful to comprehend.

    Life experience:

    We often utilize the present best tense to discuss experience from the past. we don’t state when the experience occurred, simply sometime in the past.

    • I have actually been to Canada.
    • She has lived in India.
    • They have actually visited The Iguazu Waterfalls 3 times.
    • We have actually never seen that movie.

    Finished action with a lead to today:

    We also utilize the present perfect tense to discuss a previous action that has the lead to the present.

    • I have actually lost my pan card
    • They have actually missed out on the bus

    Modification in time:

    • I have purchased an automobile.
    • You have grown given that the last time I saw you.
    • My English has actually enhanced

    Guideline 2: Extension in today

    We utilize the present perfect tense to talk about an action which started in the past and constant up to now.

    • He has worked as a teacher for over 25 years.
    • She has actually achieved a lot in his life.
    • The length of time have you been at this website?

    How do we make the easy present tense?

    Today best tense is formed by using has or have with the past participle kind of the verb

    General Structure

    • 1. Affirmative (Positive) Sentence

    Topic

    Auxiliary

    Verb

    Rest of the sentence.

    I, We, You, They

    have

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence.

    He, She, It

    has

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence.

    • 2. Unfavorable Sentence

    Topic

    Auxiliary Not

    Verb

    Rest of the sentence.

    I, We, You, They

    have not

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence.

    He, She, It

    has not

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence.

    • 3. Yes/No type Question

    Auxiliary

    Topic

    Verb

    Rest of the sentence?

    Have

    I, We, You, They

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence?

    Has

    He, She, It

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence?

    • 4. Details Question?

    Concern

    Auxiliary

    Subject

    Verb

    Remainder of the sentence?

    QW

    have

    I, We, You, They

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence?

    QW

    has

    He, She, It

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence?

    Crucial Note:

    Verb– Past Participle

    Auxiliary verb–
    Have and Has

    I, We, You, They— Have

    He, She, It— Has

    1. Affirmative (Favorable) Sentences

    Subject

    Auxiliary

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence

    I

    have

    had

    breakfast currently.

    You

    have

    started

    the interaction.

    We

    have

    sent out

    a request.

    He

    has

    ended up

    his work.

    She

    has

    achieved

    a lot in her life.

    It

    has

    stopped

    working.

    They

    have

    declined

    me.

    2. Negative Sentences

    Subject

    Auxiliary Not

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence

    I

    have not

    had

    breakfast currently.

    You

    have not

    initiated

    the interaction.

    We

    have not

    sent

    a demand.

    He

    has not

    completed

    his work.

    She

    has not

    accomplished

    in her life.

    It

    has not

    stopped

    working.

    They

    have not

    declined

    me.

    3. Yes/No type Concern

    Auxiliary

    Topic

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence?

    Have

    I

    had

    breakfast?

    Have

    you

    started

    the interaction?

    Have

    we

    sent out

    a request?

    Has

    he

    completed

    his work?

    Has

    She

    accomplished

    in her life?

    Has

    it

    stopped

    working?

    Have

    they

    declined

    me?

    4. Details Questions

    Concern

    Auxiliary

    Subject

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence?

    When

    have

    I

    work

    breakfast?

    Where

    have

    you

    started

    the interaction?

    Why

    have

    we

    sent out

    a request?

    How

    has

    he

    finished

    his work?

    What

    has

    she

    achieved

    in her life?

    The length of time

    has

    it

    stopped

    working?

    Why

    have

    they

    declined

    me?

    Where

    does

    Ram

    live

    Past Perfect Tense

    What is Past Perfect Tense?

    The past best tense is utilized when 2 actions occur in the past. We utilize the previous perfect tense for the action which occurred first and the basic previous tense for the action which occurs next.

    Example 1:

    • The bus left at 10.30 pm. (First action)
    • We came to 10.40 pm. (Second action)
    • When we got here, the bus had left

    Example 2:

    • The classes started. (First action)
    • we came to school. (2nd action)
    • Before we got to school the classes had actually started.

    How do we make the Past Perfect Tense?

    The past perfect tense is formed with the auxiliary verb had and the previous participle of the verb (e.g. gone, got here, taken).

    Let us see the structure of past best tense.

    General Structure

    • 1. Affirmative (Favorable) Sentence

    Topic

    Auxiliary

    Verb

    Remainder of the sentence.

    I, We, You, They, He, She, It

    had

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence.

    • 2. Negative Sentence

    Topic

    Auxiliary Not

    Verb

    Remainder of the sentence.

    I, We, You, They, He, She, It

    had not

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence.

    • 3. Yes/No type Question

    Auxiliary

    Topic

    Verb

    Rest of the sentence?

    Had

    I, We, You, They, He, She, It

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence?

    • 4. Info Question?

    Question

    Auxiliary

    Topic

    Verb

    Remainder of the sentence?

    QW

    had

    I, We, You, They, He, She, It

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence?

    Important Note:

    Verb– Past Participle

    Auxiliary verb– Had

    I, We, You, They, He, She, It— Had

    1. Affirmative (Positive) Sentences

    Subject

    Auxiliary

    Past Participle

    Remainder of the sentence

    I

    had

    completed

    my work.

    You

    had

    studied

    hard.

    We

    had

    sent out

    a demand.

    He

    had

    gone

    to Chennai.

    She

    had

    composed

    the letter.

    It

    had

    stopped

    working.

    They

    had

    turned down

    me.

    2. Negative Sentences

    Subject

    Auxiliary Not

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence

    I

    had not

    finished

    my work.

    You

    had not

    studied

    hard.

    We

    had not

    sent

    a demand.

    He

    had not

    gone

    to Chennai.

    She

    had not

    composed

    the letter.

    It

    had not

    stopped

    working.

    They

    had not

    declined

    me.

    3. Yes/No type Question

    Auxiliary

    Subject

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence?

    Had

    I

    completed

    my work?

    Had

    you

    studied

    hard?

    Had

    we

    sent out

    a demand?

    Had

    he

    gone

    to Chennai?

    Had

    she

    composed

    the letter?

    Had

    it

    stopped

    working?

    Had

    they

    rejected

    me?

    4. Info Questions

    Concern

    Auxiliary

    Subject

    Past Participle

    Rest of the sentence?

    When

    had

    I

    ended up

    my workt?

    How

    had

    you

    studied

    ?

    When

    had

    we

    sent

    a request?

    Why

    had

    he

    gone

    to Chennai?

    What

    had

    she

    written

    ?

    How long

    had

    it

    stopped

    working?

    Why

    had

    they

    turned down

    me?

    Where

    had

    Ram

    lived

    *

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